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Darwinism (Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy)

Aug 13, 2004  · Darwinism designates a distinctive form of evolutionary explanation for the history and diversity of life on earth. Its original formulation is provided in the first edition of On the …

Actived: Thursday Jan 1, 1970

Detail: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/darwinism/

Privacy and Information Technology - Stanford …

Posted: (53 years ago) Discussions about privacy are intertwined with the use of technology.The publication that began the debate about privacy in the Westernworld was occasioned by the introduction of the newspaper printingpress and photography. Samuel D. Warren and Louis Brandeis wrote theirarticle on privacy in the Harvard Law Review (Warren & Brandeis1890) partly in ...

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Computing and Moral Responsibility - Stanford …

Posted: (53 years ago) Jul 18, 2012  · Ascribing moral responsibility establishes a link between a person or a group of people and someone or something that is affected by the actions of this person or group. The …

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Social Networking and Ethics - Stanford Encyclopedia of …

Posted: (53 years ago) Aug 03, 2012  · 1. History and Definitions of Social Networking Services ‘Social networking’ is an inherently ambiguous term requiring some clarification. Human beings have been socially …

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Friedrich Hayek - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Sep 15, 2012  · Friedrich Hayek. Friedrich Hayek was born in Vienna in 1899 into a family steeped in academic life and scientific research. He worked as a statistician from 1927–31, became a …

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Internet Research Ethics - Stanford Encyclopedia of …

Posted: (53 years ago) The commonly accepted definition of Internet research ethics (IRE) hasbeen used by Buchanan and Ess (2008, 2009), Buchanan (2011), and Ess& Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR) (2002): These examples were broadened in 2013 by the United StatesSecretary’s Advisory Committee to the Office for Human ResearchProtections (SACHRP 2013), and include...

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Original Position - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) The idea of the moral point of view can be traced back to DavidHume’s account of the “judicious spectator.” Humesought to explain how moral judgments of approval and disapproval … See more

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Human Rights - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Feb 07, 2003  · Human rights are norms that aspire to protect all people everywhere from severe political, legal, and social abuses. Examples of human rights are the right to freedom of …

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The Value of Knowledge - Stanford Encyclopedia of …

Posted: (53 years ago) Aug 21, 2007  · 1. Value problems. In Plato’s Meno, Socrates raises the question of why knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief.Call this the Meno problem or, anticipating …

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The Philosophy of Computer Science - Stanford …

Posted: (53 years ago) The ontology of computer programs is strictly related to the subsumednature of computational systems (see §1). If computational systems are defined on the basis of thesoftware-hardware dichotomy, programs are abstract entitiesinterpreting the former and opposed to the concrete nature ofhardware. Examples of such interpretations are provided in §1.1...

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The Unity of Consciousness - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Mar 27, 2001  · 1. History. The unity of consciousness was a main concern of most philosophers in what is often called the ‘classical modern era’ (roughly, 1600 to 1900), including Descartes, …

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Reproducibility of Scientific Results - Stanford Encyclopedia of …

Posted: (53 years ago) Dec 03, 2018  · Reproducibility of Scientific Results. The terms “reproducibility crisis” and “replication crisis” gained currency in conversation and in print over the last decade (e.g., …

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Social Ontology - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Mar 21, 2018  · Social Ontology. Social ontology is the study of the nature and properties of the social world. It is concerned with analyzing the various entities in the world that arise from …

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Information Technology and Moral Values - Stanford Encyclopedia …

Posted: (53 years ago) Jun 12, 2012  · Information Technology and Moral Values. First published Tue Jun 12, 2012; substantive revision Fri Nov 9, 2018. Every action we take leaves a trail of information that …

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Scientific Research and Big Data - Stanford Encyclopedia of …

Posted: (53 years ago) May 29, 2020  · Scientific Research and Big Data. First published Fri May 29, 2020. Big Data promises to revolutionise the production of knowledge within and beyond science, by enabling …

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The Philosophy of Music - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Oct 22, 2007  · Philosophy of music is the study of fundamental questions about the nature and value of music and our experience of it. Like any “philosophy of X”, it presupposes knowledge …

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Civil Disobedience - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Jan 04, 2007  · Civil disobedience is variously described as an act by which “one addresses the sense of justice of the majority of the community” (Rawls 1999, 320), as “a plea for …

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The Traditional Square of Opposition - Stanford Encyclopedia of …

Posted: (53 years ago) Aug 08, 1997  · The Traditional Square of Opposition. First published Fri Aug 8, 1997; substantive revision Wed Apr 12, 2017. This entry traces the historical development of the Square of …

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Game Theory - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Jan 25, 1997  · Game theory is the study of the ways in which interacting choices of economic agents produce outcomes with respect to the preferences (or utilities) of those agents, where …

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Computational Linguistics - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Posted: (53 years ago) Feb 06, 2014  · Computational linguistics is the scientific and engineering discipline concerned with understanding written and spoken language from a computational perspective, and …

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